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The role of Government

The Government contributes to providing political guidance and exercising the executive function and regulatory powers.

The Government provides significant economic policy guidance through its budget bill and related acts.

With regard to law-making, the Government has the power to initiate legislation and may exercise legislative powers in the following two cases, both of which are provided for and governed exclusively by the Constitution: 

  • when Parliament specifically asks the Government to do so;
  • in urgent circumstances, when immediate action is required. 

Under its ordinary powers, the Government may issue regulations in order to:

  • implement and complete legislative provisions;
  • govern how public administrations are organised;
  • govern matters which, according to the Constitution, do not have to be regulated by law.

In addition to its regulatory powers, the Government also appoints top-level officials within central government and public bodies.