06 Maggio 2021
Pubblicata l'Ordinanza del Commissario straordinario per l'emergenza COVID-19 del 6 maggio 2021.
06 Maggio 2021
A partire dal prossimo 10 maggio, la Struttura Commissariale ha disposto l’avvio delle prenotazioni per la somministrazione anche per gli over 50 del vaccino anti-Covid-19, ovvero fino ai nati nel 1971. Questa apertura avrà carattere di gradualità ed è suffragata dal buon andamento della campagna di somministrazione su scala nazionale delle categorie prioritarie, over 80 e fragili, riportate nell’ordinanza n. 6 del 9 aprile 2021.
Prime Minister Mario Draghi address to the Senate of the Republic on Government programme
Mercoledì, 17 Febbraio 2021
The first point I would like to make in asking for your confidence vote is about our national responsibility. The main task we are all entrusted with, starting from myself as President of the Council of Ministers, is that of countering the coronavirus pandemic by all available means and safeguarding our fellow citizens’ life. We all are in the trenches, the virus is our common enemy and it is in the heartfelt memory of those who are no longer with us that our commitment is to grow.
My second thought - before illustrating my agenda - is of sympathy and solidarity towards the many who are suffering from the economic crisis triggered by the pandemic, those who operate in the most affected sectors or had to stop their businesses for public health reasons. We are well aware of their concern, their tremendous distress. We commend them and commit ourselves to doing everything possible so that they can go back to their regular work as soon as possible, in full acknowledgement of their rights. To this end we undertake to inform citizens of any changes in regulation in due time, insofar as this is compatible with the swift developments in the pandemic situation.
The government will make reforms, but it will also tackle the health crisis. There is no such thing as before and after. We should be mindful of Cavour's teaching: "... reforms carried out in time, do not weaken the authorities, they make them stronger". But in the meantime, we have to take care of those who are suffering now, those who are losing their jobs today or are forced to shut down their businesses.
In thanking the President of the Republic once again for the honour I have been granted in being entrusted with this office, allow me to tell you that I had never lived before, all along my long career, such intense feelings and such a great responsibility. I would also like to thank my predecessor Giuseppe Conte, who had to face the unprecedented public health and economic crisis ever since the very unification of Italy.
Lots of words are being spent about the nature of this Government. Our Republic’s history provides a great variety of formulas. Well, in full respect of our institutions and for the proper functioning of a representative democracy, the Government I have the honour to preside over, especially in the current critical situation, is simply a government for the country. It does not need to be labelled by any adjective. This Government is meant to embody the will, the awareness, the sense of responsibility of all the political forces willing to provide their support. The very political forces that have been asked to step aside for the sake of everyone, of the voters of one side and the other, including the opposition, and of all Italian citizens. This is the true republican spirit of a Government which was born in response to the emergency situation, following the higher indication of the President of the Republic.
A country's economic growth does not depend on economic factors only. It depends on institutions, on citizens' trust in them, on shared values and hopes. The same factors that determine its progress.
Someone has also said and written that this Government is the result of the failure of politics. Allow me to disagree. No one is now taking a step backwards with respect to their own identity, but if anything, - in a new and quite unusual cooperation framework - , they are taking a step forward in responding to the country's needs, in addressing the day-to-day problems of our households and businesses that, yes, do understand well when it’s time to work together, without any prejudice nor rivalry. In the most difficult times of our history, the highest and noblest expression of politics is now translated into brave choices, into visions that seemed impossible just a while ago. Because our duty as citizens comes before any of our sense of belonging.
We are all here, citizens of a country that is asking us to do everything possible, not to waste time, not to skimp on even the tiniest effort in the fight against the pandemic and the economic crisis. And today, we - politicians and experts called to take this great office on - are simply Italian citizens, honoured to serve our country, all equally aware of the task we have been entrusted with.
This is the republican spirit of my Government.
Italian governments have on average a short term, but this circumstance has not prevented us from taking crucial decisions for the future of our children and grandchildren, even in some dramatic moments of the nation's life. What matters is the quality of decisions, the courage of vision, whereas the number of days does not. The time in power can also be wasted in the sole concern of preserving it. Just like the governments of the post-war period, today we have the opportunity, or rather the responsibility, to start a new Reconstruction. Italy rose from the disaster of the Second World War with pride and determination and laid the foundations for an economic miracle based on investment and work. But above all, on the belief that the future of next generations would be better. In mutual trust, in national brotherhood, in the pursuit of civic and moral redemption. That reconstruction was possible thanks to political forces that were ideologically far apart, if not opposed. And I am sure that today no one will fail to give their contribution to this new Reconstruction whilst maintaining their different roles and identities.
This is our mission as Italians: to hand over a better and fairer country to our children and grandchildren. I have often wondered whether we - I am referring first and foremost to my generation- have done or are doing for them what our grandparents and parents did for us, sacrificing themselves beyond measure.
It is a question we have to ask ourselves every time that we don’t make each and every effort to promote our human capital, our education system, schools, universities and culture in the best possible way.
It is a question to which we must give concrete and urgent answers when we deceive our youth by forcing them to leave their country, a country that too often fails to recognise merits and has not yet achieved a true gender equality.
It is a question that we cannot dodge when we increase our public debt without having spent and invested our scarce resources in the best possible way. Any squandering today is an injustice towards future generations, a subtraction of their rights. I would like to express before you, the elected representatives of the Italian people, my strong wish that the willingness and the need to build a better future can be the headlights for us to take wise decisions. The hope that the young Italians who will take our place one day, even here in this House, can thank us for our efforts and not blame us for our selfishness.
This Government was born in the framework of our country's EU membership as a founding member and as a key player of the North Atlantic Alliance, in the wake of the great Western democracies, in defence of their inalienable principles and values. Supporting this Government means sharing the belief that the choice for the Euro is irreversible, it means sharing the promise of an increasingly integrated European Union that will achieve a common public budget capable of supporting Member States in times of recession.
Nation States remain a reference point for EU citizens, but in weakness areas they yield part of their national sovereignty to gain a stronger shared one. Indeed, in fully participating in the destiny of Europe, we become even more Italian, even closer to our territories of origin or residence. We must be proud of Italy's contribution to the growth and development of the European Union. Without Italy there is no Europe. But outside Europe there is less Italy. There is no sovereignty in solitude. There is only the deceit of what we really are, the forgetting of what we have been and the denial of what we could be. We are a great economic and cultural power.
Over the years, I have always been amazed and sometimes a little saddened to see how often other people's opinions about our country are better than our own. We must be prouder, fairer and more generous towards our country. And recognise that our excellence, the richness of our social capital and our voluntary activities are much sought after by the most.
The state of play in the country after a year of pandemic
Since the pandemic outbreak, we have accounted for 92,522 deaths and 2,725,106 infected, and at this very moment well 2,074 people are hospitalized in intensive care units. Among healthcare professionals, 259 have died and 118,856 have been infected, bearing witness to huge generosity and strong commitment. These numbers have put a severe strain on the national health system, taking staff and resources away from both prevention and treatment of other diseases, with serious consequences for the health of many Italians.
Because of the pandemic, life expectancy has fallen by four to five years in the most affected areas; one and a half to two years among the whole Italian population. Such a sharp drop had not been recorded in Italy since the two world wars.
The spread of the virus had very serious consequences for the economic and social fabric of our country as well, with a major impact on employment, especially among young people and women. The situation is expected to worsen when the ban on lay-offs is lifted.
Poverty has also risen. Data from Caritas counselling centres account for a 31% to 45% increase in the number of "new poor" in the 2020 May-September period as compared to the same months in 2019. Furthermore, almost one person in two asking for help to Caritas is a newcomer. Among the new poor, an increasing rate of Italian households with children, women, young, - now accounting for the majority (52% compared to 47.9% last year) -, as well as people in working age. Segments of the population that had never thought they could ever sink into poverty.
The total number of hours under the coronavirus job retention scheme from 1 April to 31 December last year exceeded 4 billion. In 2020, the number of employed people dropped by 444,000 units, mainly workers under fixed-term contracts (-393,000) or self-employed (-209,000). So far, the pandemic has mostly affected young people and women, a selective unemployment, but one that could soon begin to affect workers with open-term contracts as well.
The effects on inequality are severe and have few historical precedents. If no public measures had been taken so far, the Gini coefficient, measuring inequality in income distribution, would have increased by 4 % in the first half of 2020 (according to recent estimates), on top of a 34.8% rate registered in 2019. Such a rise would have been higher than the aggregate increase recorded during the last two recessions. The risk was mitigated by the existing safety nets provided by our social security system, as well as by the strengthening measures adopted since the onset of the pandemic. However, our social security system is still unbalanced, not sufficiently protecting people in fixed-term jobs and the self-employed.
Forecasts published last week by the European Commission show that although in 2020 the European recession has been less severe than expected - and therefore the economy should go back to pre-pandemic levels in just over one year - this would not happen in Italy until the end of 2022, due to the fact that, even before the pandemic, we had not fully recovered from the effects of the 2008-09 and 2011-13 crises.
The Covid-19 outbreak has inflicted deep wounds in our communities, not only in health and economic terms, but also on a cultural and educational plan. Girls and boys especially in upper secondary schools have been offered the possibility of schooling through distance learning which, while guaranteeing continuity of service, unfortunately also highlighted difficulties and inequalities. One fact better illustrates the current trend: in the first week of February, out of 1,696,300 students of the upper secondary schools, only 1,039,372 (a global 61.2%) were ensured class attendance through distance learning.
Priorities for a fresh start
This unprecedented emergency situation calls for a decisive and rapid move towards unity and joint commitment.
The vaccination programme. In just 12 months, scientists have worked a miracle: it has never happened before that a new vaccine could be produced in less than a year. Once we have sufficient supplies, our first challenge will be to distribute them quickly and efficiently.
We need to harness all best energies at hand – the civil protection, the armed forces, the many volunteers. We must not confine vaccinations to dedicated structures - which in many cases - are not ready yet: we are due to ensure vaccine roll-out in every possible and available facilities, both public and private. We must learn the lesson of Covid-19 tests, which, after some initial delay, have been made available outside the restricted circle of authorised hospitals. Above all, we must learn lesson from the countries that have fielded, more quickly than we have, adequate supplies of vaccines immediately at hand. Speed is essential not only to protect individuals and social communities, but now also to minimise the chances that other variants of the virus might develop.
Based on the experience of the past few months, we must start a comprehensive discussion on the reform of our healthcare system. The key point is to strengthen and redesign local healthcare, creating a strong network of basic services (community homes, community hospitals, counselling centres, mental health centres, outreach centres to counter health poverty). This is the way to make the 'Essential Levels of Care' truly enforceable and to have hospitals deliver higher-level acute, post-acute and rehabilitation healthcare services. The concept of "home as the first place for care" can now be implemented thanks to the telemedicine and integrated home care services.
Education. Not only must we quickly go back to regular schooling, even by organizing classes in shifts, but we must do our best, using the most suitable methods, to make up for the face-to-face learning hours lost last year, especially in southern regions, where distance learning implementation found more difficulties.
The annual school programmes need to be revised. It is therefore crucial to align school schedules with the needs arising from the Covid-19 pandemic experience. Going back to school must be safe.
We need to invest in a cultural transition based on our internationally recognised cultural and humanistic heritage. We are called upon to design modern educational programmes fitting to the required quality standards, also in the European context, with the introduction of new subjects and methodologies, integrating scientific skills with humanities and multilingualism.
Lastly, we need to invest in teachers’ training in order to bring the education offer into line with the demands of the new generations.
In this perspective, particular attention should be paid to vocational technical schools. In France and Germany, for example, these schools are an important pillar of the education system. The need for graduates from technical schools in the digital and environmental areas has been estimated at around 3 million over the 2019-23 five-year period. The National Recovery and Resilience Plan allocates 1.5 billion euro to technical schools, 20 times the funding of a normal pre-pandemic year. Without innovating the current organisation of these schools, we risk those resources to be wasted.
Globalisation, digital and green transitions have been changing the labour market for years and require continued adjustments in university education. At the same time, we need to invest adequately in research, including far-reaching basic research, internationally recognised for its impact on advanced knowledge, and aim to new models in all scientific fields. Lastly, we must build on the experience gained in distance learning last year and develop its potential by extending the digital to offline learning as well.
Beyond the pandemic
When we come out of the pandemic, and we shall come out, what kind of world will we live in? Some people think that the disaster we have been going through for more than 12 months now can be compared to a long power failure. Sooner or later the power comes back on, and everything starts as before.
However, science, and even common sense suggest that this may not be the case.
Global warming has direct effects on our life and health, only think of pollution, hydrogeological instability, rising sea levels that could make some large areas of coastal cities no longer inhabitable. Megacities have stolen space to nature and this may have been among the causes of the coronavirus transmission from animals to humans.
As Pope Francis said, "Natural disasters are the earth's response to our mistreatment. And I believe that if I asked the Lord what He thinks about this, I don't think He would say that it's a good thing: we were the ones who ruined the Lord's work”.
Protecting the future of the environment reconciling it with progress and social wellbeing calls for a new approach: digitalisation, agriculture, health, energy, aerospace, cloud computing, schools and education, environmental protection, biodiversity, global warming and the greenhouse effect are all different aspects of a multifaceted challenge focused on the ecosystem, where each and every human action is to develop.
In our country too, some growth models will have to change. Our tourism sector, for example, accounting for 14% of all economic activities before the pandemic. Tourism businesses and workers must be helped to overcome the disaster caused by Covid-19; at the same time, we must not ignore that our tourist industry will have no future if we do not keep in mind that this future depends on our capacity to preserve, or at least not to cause harm to cities of art, tourism sites and traditions handed down by generations, who have taken care of them over the centuries.
Getting out of the pandemic will not be like turning the lights back on. This consideration, which scientists keep on repeating, has an important consequence. The government must protect workers, all workers, but it would be a mistake to indiscriminately protect all economic activities. Some will have to change, even radically. And the challenge for our economic policy in the coming months is that of understanding which activities are to be protected and which are to be supported in changing.
Both the adaptability of our production system and the unprecedented measures adopted have allowed to preserve the workforce in a tragic year: well seven million workers benefited from a 4 billion hours wage subsidy scheme. These measures, also supported by the European Commission through the SURE programme, have mitigated the pandemic’s negative effects on employment. But, the young, the women and the self-employed have paid the highest price. They are the first ones we should be thinking about when drawing up a strategy of aid to businesses and employment, a strategy that shall set up the schedule for a series of actions on employment, credit and capital.
Active labour policies are crucial. In order to field them immediately, we must improve the existing instruments, such as the redeployment allowance, by implementing effective training policies for both employed and unemployed workers. The staffing and digitization of public job centres should also be reinforced in agreement with the regional authorities. This action is already foreseen in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, but should be brought forward now.
Climate change, like the pandemic, penalises some productive sectors without any growth shift towards other sectors to compensate. We must therefore make this shift happen, and we must do it now.
The economic policy response to climate change and the pandemic will have to be threefold: firstly, structural policies fostering innovation, secondly financial policies making access to capital and credit easier for companies with scale up potential, and third, expansionary monetary and fiscal policies that promote investment and demand for newly established sustainable activities.
We want to bequeath a good planet, not just a good currency.
Mobilising the country's best energies for recovery cannot do without the involvement of women. The gender gap in employment rates in Italy is still among the highest in Europe: about 18 points out of an average 10 at EU level. Since the post-war period, the situation has improved considerably, but this rise has not been accompanied by equal career opportunities. At date, Italy shows one of the worst gender wage gaps in the EU, as well as a persistent lack of women in top executive positions.
True gender equality does not mean hypocritical compliance with the so-called “pink quotas” required by law: it implies ensuring equal competitive conditions between genders. We intend to work in this direction, aiming at rebalancing the wage gap and modernizing our welfare system, so as women can devote the same energies to their career as their male colleagues, thereby overcoming the choice between family or work.
Ensuring a level playing field also means making sure that everyone can have an equal access to the digital, technological and environmental skills that are key for advancing in a career. We therefore commit to invest, economically but above all culturally, so that more and more young women can obtain the most suitable qualifications to compete in the sectors considered as priorital for the recovery. This is the only way to have the best resources involved in the country's development.
Job creation, first and foremost among women, is an imperative goal: well-being, self-determination, legality and security are closely linked to the increase of female employment rates in southern Italy. Developing the capacity to attract national and international private investment is essential for generating income and employment, overturning population decline and depopulation of inner areas. But to achieve this goal, we need to create an environment where legality and security are always guaranteed. Other specific instruments such as tax credits and measures to be agreed upon at European level are also to be put in place.
In order to spend the dedicated funds made available by the Next Generation EU, and spend them well, we need to strengthen public authorities in those regions, even by learning from past experiences that have often disappointed our hopes.
With regard to infrastructure, we undertake to invest in the technical, legal and economic skills of civil servants. Public administrations’ capacity to plan, design and speed up investment is to be enhanced in due times and in compliance with both cost certainty principles and the guidelines for sustainable development set out in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan. Special attention should be paid to investment in infrastructure maintenance and land protection, by encouraging the use of predictive techniques based on the latest developments in artificial intelligence and digital technology. In order to contribute to the projects’ implementation in line with planned costs, the private sector should be invited to deliver on public investment not merely financially, but also through their expertise, efficiency and innovation capacity.
Next Generation EU
The actions envisaged by Next Generation EU can only be put in place in the framework of an overarching cross-cutting and synergetic strategy, based on the principle of co-benefits, that is on the ability to impact several sectors simultaneously in a coordinated manner.
We will have to learn that preventing is better than fixing, not only should we deploy all available technologies, we must also invest on new generations in raising awareness that "every action has a consequence".
As already said several times, about 210 billion are available over a six-year period.
These resources are to be exploited for increasing the growth potential of our economy. The share of additional loans that we will request through the main strand of the programme, the Recovery and Resilience Facility, will be adjusted according to public finance targets.
The previous Government has already done a great deal of work on the National Recovery and Resilience Plan. We need to further detail and complete that work. The process includes consultations with the European Commission and the deadline is very tight, namely the end of April.
The guidelines that Parliament will issue in the coming days, commenting on the draft Plan submitted by the outgoing Government, are of fundamental importance for the preparation of the final version. I would like to summarise hereafter the orientation of the new Government.
The policy areas (missions) envisaged by the Plan could be the subject of re-arrangement and reorganisation, but will not diverge from those set forth in the outgoing Government's proposals, i.e. innovation, digitalisation, competitiveness and culture; the green transition; infrastructure for sustainable mobility; training and research; social, gender, generational and territorial equity; healthcare and the related production chain.
In particular, the Plan will be reinforced with regard to the strategic objectives, but also by targeting the reforms behind such objectives.
The Plan has so far been structured around high-level objectives and aggregation of the envisaged actions into missions, strands and project lines. In the coming weeks we will advance on the strategic dimension of the Plan, in particular with regard to the objectives set out of production of energy from renewable sources, air and water pollution, the high-speed railway network, energy distribution networks for electric-powered vehicles, hydrogen production and distribution, digitalisation, broadband and 5G communication networks.
The role of the State and the scope of its interventions will have to be carefully assessed. The government's task is to leverage spending on research and development, education and training, regulation, incentives and taxation.
Based on this strategic vision, the National Recovery and Resilience Plan will set targets for the next decade and beyond, with an intermediate landmark for 2026, the fixed deadline for the Next Generation EU. Listing the actions that we intend to carry out in the next few years is not sufficient. We need to make clear where we want to be in 2026 and what are the targets for 2030 and 2050, when the EU is expected to achieve the objective of zero net emissions of CO2 and climate-altering gases.
We will select projects and initiatives that are consistent with the Plan’s strategic objectives, paying close attention to their feasibility over the six-year period. We will also ensure that the Plan’s drive on employment is sufficiently marked during each of these six years, including 2021.
We will clarify the role of the third sector, as well as the private sector’s contribution to the National Recovery and Resilience Plan through leveraged financing mechanisms (fund of funds).
We will emphasise the importance of the education system, which plays such a big role in terms of social and territorial cohesion goals, and give special attention to social inclusion and active labour policies.
In the healthcare sector, as said before, the Plan aims at laying the foundations for the strengthening of territorial medicine and telemedicine.
The governance of the Recovery and Resilience Plan lies within the Ministry of Economy and Finance in close cooperation with the relevant Ministries, responsible for sectoral policies and single projects. Parliament will be kept constantly informed on both the overall framework and sector policies.
Finally, the question of reforms, which I will now address separately.
The Next Generation EU includes reforms. Some of these address problems that date back to decades but that we cannot forget. Among them, the issues of legal certainty and certainty of public investment plans that affect badly both domestic and foreign investment. Also, competition: I will ask the Competition Authority to make proposals in this field as soon as possible, as provided for by the Annual Law on Competition (Law no. 99 of 23 July 2009).
In recent years our attempts to reform the country have not been entirely fruitless, even if concrete effects have been limited. The problem lies probably in how such reforms have often been designed, that is by means of partial interventions dictated by urgent needs and not enshrined into a comprehensive vision, which instead, requires time and expertise. In the case of taxation, for example, we must not forget that the tax system is a complex mechanism, whose components are interlinked. Changing taxes one by one is not a good idea. Furthermore, a more comprehensive fiscal reform would prevent risks that pressure groups can influence the government in taking measures beneficial to their interests.
In addition, the practices adopted in other countries teach us that tax reforms should be entrusted to experts well aware of real consequences for tax payers. For example, in 2008 the Danish government appointed a board of tax experts, that held consultations with political parties and social stakeholders before submitting its report to the Parliament. The draft envisaged a tax cut of 2 points of GDP where the top marginal income tax rate was reduced and the exemption threshold raised.
A similar method was adopted in Italy in the early 1970s when the government entrusted a board of experts, including Bruno Visentini and Cesare Cosciani, with the task of redesigning our tax system, which had not been changing since the Vanoni reform of 1951. The introduction of the personal income tax and the tax withholding agent for employed people are due to the work of that board.
A tax reform is a crucial step in any country. It sets priorities, provides certainty, offers opportunities and is the cornerstone of budgetary policy.
In this perspective, an in-depth reassessment of the personal income tax (IRPEF) should be carried out with the twofold aim of simplifying and rationalising the structure of taxation, gradually reducing the tax burden and preserving progressivity. A renewed and strengthened commitment to counter tax evasion will also be functional to the pursuit of these ambitious goals.
Another reform that cannot be delayed is that of the public sector. During the crisis, the government action, at central, territorial and devolved levels, has shown resilience and adaptability thanks to a widespread commitment to remote working and an intelligent use of new available technologies. The fragility of the public sector system and of services of collective interest is, however, a concern that needs to be addressed quickly.
Clearing of the backlog accumulated during the pandemic is the priority. Public services will be asked to draw up a plan for tackling such backlog and share it with the public.
The reform shall follow two main lines: investment in connectivity, including the creation of efficient and user-friendly platforms for citizens and continued upskilling of the workforce, including by pre-selecting the best candidates in terms of skills and abilities in a rapid, efficient and safe manner, without keeping tens of thousands of applicants waiting a long time for an answer.
In the field of justice, the actions to be carried out mainly fall within the context and expectations of the European Union. In the 2019 and 2020 Country Specific Recommendations to our country, the Commission, while acknowledging the progress made in recent years, urged us: to enhance the efficiency of the civil justice system by enforcing and easing implementation of the decrees on insolvency, ensuring a more efficient functioning of the courts, promoting the clearing of the backlog and a better management of workloads, adopting simpler procedures, filling vacancies of administrative staff, reducing the existing gaps between courts in the management of legal cases and finally countering corruption.
As for international relations, this government will be strongly pro-European and pro-Atlantist, in line with Italy's historical deep anchoring in the European Union, in the North Atlantic Alliance, in the United Nations’ values. A belonging that we have chosen since the post-war period, along our pathway to well-being, security and international prestige. We are deeply committed to effective multilateralism, based on the irreplaceable role of the United Nations. Special attention is paid and strong commitment remains towards the areas of natural priority interest, such as the Balkans, the broader Mediterranean - with a special focus on Libya and the eastern Mediterranean - and Africa.
Recent years have seen a growing drive to build networks of privileged bilateral and multilateral relations in Europe. Furthermore, the pandemic outbreak has uncovered the strong need to pursue a more and more intense exchange with closer economic partners. For Italy, this entails necessarily better structured and stronger strategic relationships with France and Germany. But this also means that we need to consolidate cooperation with countries such as Spain, Greece, Malta and Cyprus, with which we share a specific Mediterranean sensitivity and common issues such as the environment and migration. We will also continue to work for a more virtuous dialogue between the European Union and Turkey, a NATO partner and ally.
Italy is committed to feed mechanisms for dialogue with the Russian Federation. We follow with concern the situation in that country, as well as in other countries where citizens' rights are often violated. Similarly, we worry about the rising tensions in Asia around China.
The negotiation of the new Pact on Migration and Asylum is a further challenge. In this regard, we firmly pursue a more equitable balance between countries of first entry’s responsibilities and effective solidarity. Building true EU policies on return for those persons who are not entitled to international protection, is also of key importance, as well as full respect for the rights of refugees.
The new US Administration heralds a change in method, more cooperative towards Europe and its traditional allies. I am confident that our relations and cooperation can only get stronger.
From December 2020 and until the end of 2021, Italy has held the G20 Presidency for the first time. The agenda involves the government as a whole and revolves around three pillars: People, Planet, Prosperity. Italy is responsible for leading the Group out of the pandemic and relaunching green and sustainable growth for the benefit of all. It will be about rebuilding and rebuilding better.
Together with the United Kingdom – sharing the parallel Presidencies of the G7 and G20 - we will focus on sustainability and the green transition in view of the next Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (Cop 26), with a special focus on younger generations’ active involvement through the "Youth4Climate" event.
This is the third government of this legislature. There is no point that it can do well without the convinced support of this Parliament. A support that is not based on political alchemies but rather on the willingness of the women and men that have struggled this year, on their vibrant desire to recover, to come back stronger, and on the enthusiasm of young people who deserve to live in a country where their dreams can come true.
Today, unity is not an option, unity is a duty. A common duty under a common feeling. Our love for Italy.
Caritas Italiana is the pastoral body established by the Italian Episcopal Conference (Cei) in order to promote, activities aimed at helping the most in need, also in collaboration with other organizations.
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Campagna vaccinale: ribadito il focus su anziani e fragili. Massima attenzione da un punto di vista sanitario alle isole minori
In merito ad alcuni articoli di stampa, relativi all’individuazione di categorie diverse da quelle previste nell’Ordinanza nr. 6 del 09 aprile 2021, si precisa che la campagna vaccinale continua con il focus su anziani e soggetti fragili, mirando a rafforzare l’attuale trend positivo ...